Archive for January, 2012

Protecting IP in Crowdfunded Deals

January 25 2012 No Commented

Angels and venture capitalists will not sign non-disclosure (confidentiality) agreements just to listen to an entrepreneur’s funding presentation, or even to read the entrepreneur’s business plan.  Serial entrepreneurs understand this and write their plans without describing the “secret sauce.”  Investors will eventually want to validate the intellectual property (IP) prior to investing but not just […]

A Bubble for Seed Stage Valuation

January 19 2012 one Commented

When entrepreneurs raise equity capital for startup companies, the investors’ percentage of ownership is determined by the negotiated valuation for the company at the time of investment.  For example, if the negotiated pre-money valuation is $1.5 million and the investors provide $500,000 in equity investment, the investors are purchasing 25% of the company [$0.5 million […]

Limiting the Number of Shareholders in Private Companies

January 19 2012 No Commented

The U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, section 12(g), generally limits a privately held company to fewer than 500 shareholders.   The assumption has been that companies with 500 investors are quasi-public anyway, and for disclosure and other reasons should be forced to go public when the shareholder number approaches this limit. Since the IPO market […]

The Changing Exit Environment for Early Stage Companies

January 6 2012 No Commented

In the “good old days,” angels invested in seed-stage startups and teed up promising companies for subsequent venture capital financing.  If the company was successful, this quickly led to an IPO – a very happy ending for the entrepreneur, the angels and the venture capitalists.  My, my…how the world has changed. The two major differences […]